Archive for February 2010

City Of Cairo   Leave a comment

Sunset at Cairo

Here another sunset pic of Cairo. some how this pic manage to escape from me when i editing the other sunset pic 2 weeks ago…

Posted February 28, 2010 by Mohd Hanif Osman in D40x, Trip to Athens and Egypt

Citadel of Cairo   Leave a comment

5th day in Egypt. it suppose to be the last day here before we knew there were strike in Greece.  thanks to that we got 2 more extra days with nothing to do. here is he mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha at Citadel of Cairo.

History:

The Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha or Alabaster Mosque (Arabic: مسجد محمد علي, Turkish: Mehmet Ali Paşa Camii) is a mosque situated in the Citadel of Cairo in Egypt and commissioned by Muhammad Ali Pasha between 1830 and 1848.

Situated on the summit of the citadel, this Ottoman mosque, the largest to be built in the first half of the 19th century, is, with its animated silhouette and twin minarets, the most visible mosque in Cairo. The mosque was built in memory of Tusun Pasha, Muhammad Ali’s oldest son, who died in 1816.

This mosque, along with the citadel, is one of the landmarks and tourist attractions of Cairo and is one of the first features to be seen when approaching the city from no matter which side.

The mosque was built on the site of old Mamluk buildings in Cairo’s Citadel between 1830 and 1848, although not completed until the reign of Said Pasha in 1857. The architect was Yusuf Bushnak from Istanbul and its model was the Yeni Mosque[1][2] in that city. The ground on which the mosque was erected was built with debris from the earlier buildings of the Citadel.

Before completion of the mosque, the alabaster panels from the upper walls were taken away and used for the palaces of Abbas I. The stripped walls were clad with wood painted to look like marble. In 1899 the mosque showed signs of cracking and some inadequate repairs were undertaken. But the condition of the mosque became so dangerous that a complete scheme of restoration was ordered by King Fuad in 1931 and was finally completed under King Farouk in 1939.

Muhammad Ali Pasha was buried in a tomb carved from Carrara marble, in the courtyard of the mosque. His body was transferred here from Hawsh al-Basha in 1857.

[wikipedia, Mosque of Muhammad Ali, 28.02.2010]

Posted February 28, 2010 by Mohd Hanif Osman in D40x, Trip to Athens and Egypt

The Step Pyramids of Djoser at Saqqara   Leave a comment

4th day in Egypt. first a tour to Imhotep Museum then to the step Pyramid of Djoser. i just manage to get a single shot of the entrance watcher (pak guard) because i need to catch the others and this pak cik keep asking me money for taking his picture. (un)Fortunately, i don’t have any Egyptian Pound yet at that time. Well, its fun to leeching off Toko.

here some history of the pyramid:

The Step Pyramid Of Djoser at Saqqara

The Pyramid of Djoser (Zoser), or step pyramid (kbhw-ntrw  in Egyptian) is an archeological remain in the Saqqara necropolis, Egypt, northwest of the city of Memphis. It was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier  Imhotep, during the 27th century BC. It is the central feature of a vast mortuary complex in an enormous courtyard  surrounded by ceremonial structures and decoration.Djoser was the first king of the 3rd Dynasty (ca 2649-2575 BC) of the Egyptian Old Kingdom (ca. 2649-2134 BC)[2]. He is believed to have ruled for 19 years or, if the 19 years were biennial taxation years, 38 years. He reigned long enough to allow the grandiose plan for his pyramid to be realized in his lifetime.

Djoser’s Step Pyramid complex has several structures pivotal to its function in both life and the afterlife. Several are discussed below with attention paid to function and form. The pyramid was not simply a grave in ancient Egypt. Its purpose was to facilitate a successful afterlife for the king so that he could be eternally reborn. The symbolism of the step pyramid form, which did not survive the 3rd Dynasty, is unknown, but it has been suggested that it may be a monumental symbol of the crown, especially the royal mortuary cult, since seven small step pyramids (not tombs) were built in the provinces. Another well accepted theory is that it facilitated the king’s ascension to join the eternal North Star.

[wikipedia, Pyramid of Djoser, 24.02.2010]

Posted February 24, 2010 by Mohd Hanif Osman in D40x, Trip to Athens and Egypt

Pyramids and The Great Sphinx of Giza   Leave a comment

pyramid, sphinx, giza
pyramid, giza

4th day in Egypt.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also called the Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt, and in a historical irony is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of Ancient World and the only one that survives substantially intact. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2551 BC. The Great Pyramid was the  tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Originally the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface, and what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories regarding the Great Pyramid’s construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.

There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. The lowest chamber is cut into the bedrock upon which the pyramid was built and was unfinished. The so-called Queen’s Chamber and King’s Chamber are higher up within the pyramid structure. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the main part of a complex setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile), three smaller pyramids for Khufu’s wives, an even smaller “satellite” pyramid, a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles.

The Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a statue of a reclining lion with a human head that stands on the Giza Plateau in Giza on the west bank of the Nile, near modern-day Cairo, in Egypt. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 meter (241 ft) long, 6 meter (20 ft) wide, and 20.22 m (66.34 ft) high. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture , and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptian of Old Kingdom in 2555 BC to 2532 B C.

Posted February 19, 2010 by Mohd Hanif Osman in D40x, Trip to Athens and Egypt

Qaitbay Fortress, Alexandria   Leave a comment

Qaitbay Citadel

3rd day in Egypt, after 4 hours of journey from Cairo to Alexandria.

Qaitbay Fortress/ Qaitbay Citadel of Alexandria

The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria is considered one of the most important defensive strongholds, not only in Egypt, but also along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It formulated an important part of the fortification system of Alexandria in the 15th century A.D.

The Citadel is situated at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island. It was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The lighthouse continued to function until the time of the Arab conquest, then several disasters occurred and the shape of the lighthouse was changed to some extent, but it still continued to function. Restoration began in the period of Ahmed Ibn Tulun (about 880 A.D). During the 11th century an earthquake occurred, causing damage to the octagonal part. The bottom survived, but it could only serve as a watchtower, and a small Mosque was built on the top. In the 14th century there was a very destructive earthquake and the whole building was completely destroyed.

About 1480 A.D, the Mameluke Sultan Al-Ashraf Qaitbay fortified the place as part of his coastal defensive edifices against the Turks, who were threatening Egypt at that time. He built the castle and placed a Mosque inside it. The Citadel continued to function during most of the Mameluke period, the Ottoman period and the Modern period, but after the British bombardment of the city of Alexandria in 1883, it was kept out of the spotlight. It became neglected until the 20th century, when it was restored several times by the Egyptian Supreme Counsel of Antiquities.

Posted February 19, 2010 by Mohd Hanif Osman in D40x, Trip to Athens and Egypt

Cairo, Egypt   Leave a comment

Sunset in Cairo

4th day in Egypt.

It was supposed to be the last evening in Cairo when i took this picture. i was struggling inside the rocking van just to get a nice and clean pic. if you have been in Egypt you’ll understand me. traffic condition and drivers attitude here make a simple task like pushing down the shutter a major challenge. luckily i have this one.

Cairo

Cairo , capital of Egypt , is called the “city of 1000 minarets”, with a population of 6.8 million . Built along the Nile River , it plays a major role in the political, administrative, commercial and the industrial activities of Egypt . Cairo , a walled city, was created in the 10th century as the city of Califes with a rich economic and intellectual life. Al-Azhar University was created in the year 978. Many of Cairo old monuments (mosques, fortifications, tombs) reveal Islamic Art influences.

Posted February 19, 2010 by Mohd Hanif Osman in D40x, Trip to Athens and Egypt